Neonatology and Primary care


Pediatric Emergency Care and Medicine is a peer reviewed, open access medical journal aimed in particular at supporting emergency care of children across the world. Researchers of both paediatrics and emergency medicine are encouraged to publish innovative ideas in the international platform. Rapid quality review process and publishing system of Paediatric Emergency Care and Medicine journal will aid the readers to access and disseminate knowledge for the development of scientific community The journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submit manuscript for the quality of publishing.

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)

Neonatal care is the type of care a baby born premature or sick receives in a neonatal unit. Neonatologists work mainly in the special care nurseries or newborn intensive care units of hospitals. In some cases, after a newborn has been discharged from the unit, a neonatologist may provide short-term follow-up care on an outpatient basis. Your neonatologist will coordinate care with your baby’s pediatrician.

Newborn babies who need intensive medical care are often put in a special area of the hospital called the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The NICU has advanced technology and trained healthcare professionals to give special care for the tiniest patients. NICUs may also care areas for babies who are not as sick but do need specialized nursing care. Some hospitals don’t have the staff for a NICU and babies must be moved to another hospital. Babies who need intensive care do better if they are born in a hospital with a NICU than if they are moved after birth. Some newborn babies will require care in a NICU. Giving birth to a sick or premature baby can be unexpected for any parent. The NICU can be overwhelming. This information is to help you understand why a baby may need to be in the NICU. You will also find out about some of the procedures that may be needed for the care of your baby.

Primary care

Most babies admitted to the NICU are preterm (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy), have low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds), or have a health condition that needs special care. In the U.S, nearly half a million babies are born preterm. Many of these babies also have low birth weights. Twins, triplets, and other multiples often are admitted to the NICU. This is because they tend to be born earlier and smaller than single birth babies. Babies with health conditions such as breathing trouble, heart problems, infections, or birth defects are also cared for in the NICU.

Reasons for neonatal care:

Babies are admitted into neonatal care for many different reasons. The main reasons for a baby to be admitted are

  • They are born prematurely
  • They have a low birth weight
  • They have a specific medical condition which needs treatment in hospital

Sometimes, the cause of premature birth or a medical condition will not be known, and you will not know exactly why this has happened to you.

You can always talk about why this might have happened at postnatal check-ups, with your midwife, or with a member of the neonatal staff on the unit.

Paediatric Emergency Care and Medicine publishes articles in fields of Neonatal Medicine, Paediatric infectious diseases, allergies, child health, Emergency Medicine, Paediatric medicine and surgery and the related fields of trauma, toxicology, critical care, resuscitation, emergency medical services, behavioural emergencies, and environmental medicine.

Be a part of our Scientific Journey by contributing your outstanding research work with us.

Warm Regards,
John Mathew,
Journal Coordinator,
Paediatric Emergency Care and Medicine
Watts app no: +441414719275